AMISOM is mandated to conduct Peace Support Operations in Somalia to stabilize the situation in the country in order to create conditions for the conduct of Humanitarian activities and an immediate take over by the United Nations (UN).


  • Support dialogue & reconciliation in Somalia, working with all stakeholders.
  • Provide protection to Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs) & key infrastructure to enable them carry out their functions.
  • Assist in the implementation of the National Security Stabilization Programme (NSSP).
  • Provide technical assistance & other support to the disarmament and stabilization efforts.
  • Monitor the security situation in areas of operation.
  • Facilitate humanitarian operations including repatriation of refugees and Internaly Displaced Persons (IDPs)
  • Protect AMISOM personnel, installations and equipment, including self defence

Brief Background/Introduction to AMISOM

The African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) is an active, regional peacekeeping mission operated by the African Union with the approval of the United Nations. It was created by the African Union’s Peace and Security Council on 19th January 2007 with an initial six month mandate.

AMISOM replaced and subsumed the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) Peace Support Mission to Somalia or IGASOM, which was a proposed Inter-Governmental Authority on Development protection and training mission in Somalia approved by the African Union in September 2006.IGASOM was also approved by the United Nations Security Council.

Originally IGASOM was proposed for immediate implementation in March 2005 to provide peacekeeping forces for the latest phase of the Somali Civil War. At that time, the Islamic Courts Union (ICU) had not yet taken control of Mogadishu, and most hopes for national unity lay with the Transitional Federal Government (TFG). By May 2006, the situation was radically different, as the ICU had recently engaged the Alliance for the Restoration of Peace and Counter Terrorism or ARPCT and was fighting for control of Mogadishu in the Second Battle of Mogadishu. By June, they had established control of the capital.

Plans for IGASOM continued, though by July there were indications of opposition from the ICU, who saw the initiative as a US-backed, western means to curb the growth of Islamic movement. Until December 2006, the UN Security Council had imposed an arms embargo on the group, but the embargo was partially lifted and a mandate for IGASOM issued in December 2006.

On 20th February 2007, the United Nations Security Council authorised the African Union to deploy a peacekeeping mission with a mandate of six months, adopting resolution 1744(2007)13. The aim of the peacekeeping mission was to support a national reconciliation congress and requested a report within 60 days on a possible United Nations Peacekeeping Mission.

The Security Council had given a green light to the African Union to establish a mission in Somalia for six months, and requested the Secretary-General to send a technical Assessment Mission to look into the possibility of a United Nations peacekeeping operation following the African union?s deployment. Furthermore the council authorized the African Union mission to take all measures, as appropriate, to carry out support for dialogue and reconciliation by assisting with free movement, safe passage and protection of all those involved in a national reconciliation congress involving all stakeholders, including political leaders, clan leaders, religious leaders and representatives of civil society.

Administrative structure of AMISOM

The African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) is headed by the Special Representative of the Chairperson of the African Union Commission (SRCC) for Somalia. He is assisted by the Deputy Special Representative of the Chairperson of the African Union (SRCC) for Somalia. The mission has three components namely; Military, Police and Civilian. The Military Component is headed by the Force Commander. The Police Component is headed by the Police Commissioner while the Civilian Component is headed by the Deputy SRCC.

Contact Information for AMISOM

The Special Representative of the Chairperson of the African Union Commission (SRCC) for Somalia,

African Union Mission for Somalia (AMISOM), 
P.O. Box 20182-00200, 
Tel: +254 (20) 7216710 
Fax :+254 (20)7216775