I. Introduction


The Youth for Peace (Y4P) Africa Programme was launched in September 2018 in Lagos, Nigeria, as part of efforts to implement Article 17 of the AU Youth Charter, 665th Communiqué of the Peace and Security Council (PSC), UNSCR 2250 and 2419, the Peace and Security Department in collaboration with the Youth Division and African Governance Architecture of the Department for Political Affairs. In order to facilitate effective coordination, the PSD established an Inter-Departmental Task Force on Youth Peace and Security with all relevant departments of the Commission.


II. Objective


The Y4P Africa program seeks to effectively engage, involve, and collaborate with young women and men as well as organized youth groups in the promotion of peace and security on the continent. This will contribute towards changing the negative perception of youth as harbingers of violence or problems to be solved to partners for peace. In this regard, the Y4P program advocated for the first PSC open session on Youth Peace and Security, which held on 8th November 2018 in commemoration of the Africa Youth Day. Key decisions of the communiqué of the 807th meeting of the PSC include clarion call to member states to urgently implement UNSCR 2250, 2419 and other regional and continental instruments relating to youth peace and security; Request to the Commission to undertake a study to assess the role and contributions of youth in peace and security on the continent; appointment of five regional African Youth Peace Ambassadors, who will work with the AU Youth Envoy in championing the promotion of peace on the continent; as well as the finalization of the ongoing framework on youth peace and security.

 III. Important Frameworks and Decisions


A.     PSC Communiques

 1.  Communique of the 807th meeting of the Peace and Security Council (PSC) on: "Youth, Peace, and Security"

The Peace and Security Council (PSC) of the African Union (AU) dedicated its 807th meeting held on 8 November 2018, to its first ever open session on Youth, Peace, and Security in commemoration of the Africa Youth Day, and adopted the following decision:

The 807th PSC Decision calls for Member States to:

- urgently implement UNSCR 2250, 2419 and other regional and continental instruments relating to youth peace and security;

- Request to the Commission to undertake a study to assess the role and contributions of youth in peace and security on the continent;

- appointment of five regional African Youth Peace Ambassadors, who will work with the AU Youth Envoy in championing the promotion of peace on the continent;

- as well as the finalization of the ongoing framework on youth peace and security. Decided to institutionalize and regularize an annual open session dedicated to the theme of “Youth, Peace and Security in Africa”.

 https://www.peaceau.org/uploads/psc.807.comm.psc.youth.peace.and.security.8.11.2018.pdf

2. Communique of the 933rd meeting of the Peace and Security Council (PSC) on: " Youth, Peace and Security in Africa "

The Peace and Security Council (PSC) of the African Union (AU) at its 933rd meeting held on 23 June 2020, on Youth, Peace and Security in Africa adopted the Continental Framework on Youth Peace and Security and the 10 year implementation plan as well as endorsed the study on the Roles and Contributions of Youth to peace and security in Africa.

https://www.peaceau.org/uploads/eng-933rd-psc-final-communique-on-youth-peace-and-security.pdf

3.  Communique of the 963rd meeting of the Peace and Security Council (PSC) on: " Youth, Peace and Security: Advancing Youth Roles and Capacities for Silencing the Guns in Africa "

The Peace and Security Council (PSC) of the African Union (AU) dedicated its 963rd meeting, held on 12 November 2020, to an Open Session on the theme: “Youth, Peace and Security: Advancing Youth Roles and Capacities for Silencing the Guns in Africa” in commemoration of the Africa Youth Month.

https://www.peaceau.org/uploads/eng-final-press-statement-of-the-963rd-psc-open-session-on-youth-peace-...pdf

 B.      ASSEMBLY OF THE UNION THIRTY-THIRD ORDINARY SESSION: DECISIONS, DECLARATIONS, RESOLUTION AND MOTION

Decision [Assembly/AU/Dec. 753] adopted by the AU Assembly of Heads of State and Government at its 33rd Ordinary Session held from 9 to 10 February 2020 requested the AU Commission to institutionalize the Youth for Peace Africa Programme within the Peace and Security Department with the designation of a dedicated desk to coordinate the efforts of all stakeholders and facilitate its full operationalization with a view to meeting the increasing expectations of the youth across the Continent; and endorsed the five African Regional Youth Ambassadors for Peace representing the five regions of the AU and encourages them to promote youth efforts on peace and security; In this respect, congratulating the five (5) regional African youth Ambassadors for Peace (AYAP).

 https://au.int/sites/default/files/decisions/38180-assembly_au_dec_749-795_xxxiii_e.pdf

African Youth Ambassadors for Peace (AYAPs)

 The PSC requested the Commission to appoint five (5) regional African Youth Ambassadors for Peace (AYAP) to work with the AU Youth Envoy in championing the promotion of peace and security on the continent. In tandem with the communiqué of the 807th meeting of the PSC, the Y4P Africa program in collaboration with the RECs/RMs and the AU Youth Envoy launched a call for application to all African youth and afterwards shortlisted 15 applicants, three (3) from each of the five (5) regions of Africa for a training and assessment workshop in November 2019. The training and assessment workshop provided a platform to sensitize the 15 applicants on the AU normative frameworks and operations on peace and security and also accorded an opportunity for the RECs/RMs, AUC and development partners to assess the capacity and competence of the youth, a development that facilitated the selection of one AYAP per region. The selected AYAPs were presented to the PSC at its second open session on YPS in November 2019 for consideration and approval. Subsequently, on recommendation by the PSC, the 33rd Ordinary Session of the Assembly of Heads of States and Governments held in February 2020 endorsed the appointment of the AYAPs. In collaboration with the relevant RECs/RMs and AU, the AYAPs are elected for a two-year non-renewable tenure and are mandated to advocate and promote the mainstreaming and inclusion of young Africans in peace and security by amplifying their contributions and resilience, challenges and encouraging policy and programmatic actions to address the challenges and enhance their contributions. 

 AlHafiz Hassan Ahamat – AYAP Central Africa

Alhafiz Hassan Ahamat is a Chadian youth volunteer and member of several civil associations. He is one of the founding members and the current Secretary-General of “Action Pour la Solidarité et le Soutien aux Couches Vulnérables” (Action for Solidarity and Support for Vulnerable groups), an association that works to assist those who are morally, physically and technically deprived of guidance. He is also Country Director of Global Peace Chain in Chad. He was awarded the best Country Director of the Global Peace Chain in Johannes- burg, South Africa, during its Global Peace Summit from 24 to 25 April 2019. Alhafiz is also the Coordinator of the global youth program with- in the Youth Section of the United Nation Association in Chad, which promotes the values of the UN. During his time at the University of N’Djaména, he was the Coordinator of the national union of Chadian students within the Faculty of Law and Political Sciences, as well as a member of the Faculty’s Disciplinary Council. He is currently pursuing his Master’s Degree in Basic Public Law and working in the General Direction of Chadian National Company of Mines and Geology.

Mr Alhafiz Hassan Ahamat is actively engaged in awareness raising, conference debates, philanthropy and capacity building of young people on leadership and personal development. He has attended several conferences and trainings on the continent, including the Central Africa regional consultation on the roles and contributions of Youth on peace and security in Africa organized in Libreville, Gabon, by the Peace and Security Department of the African Union; the Forum of African Youth on Peace in Muhammedia, Morocco, organized by YOUYA Foundation; the training (Phase 1 and Phase 2) of the Afresist Youth Leadership Program organized in Nairobi, Kenya, by the Special Youth Envoy of the African Union, Miss AYA Chebbi; the 2nd edition of Youth Connect Africa Program organized by the government of Rwanda in Kigali ; and, the 7th All African Students Union in Kigali in Rwanda.

Emma Ng'ang'a - AYAP East Africa

Emma Ng’ang’a is a young African woman who is passionate about promoting gender equality, peace and security. Her passion for peace and security began while she was an intern/volunteer at the National Steering Committee on Peacebuilding and Conflict Management in Kenya, where she was exposed to the nexus between gender and peace and security. In line with her interest in this tripartite sphere, she has done courses in conflict prevention, Multi – dimensional peace support operations, child protection, sexual and gender-based violence and women leadership for peace and security, at the International Peace Support Training Centre, Kenya and the Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre, Ghana. She is passionate about the socio–economic development of vulnerable populations, specifically street children and conflict related sexual violence.

Emma contributes her skills and knowledge through volunteerism in socio-economic development and peace- building. She is currently engaged in crime prevention and recidivism focusing on drugs and substance abuse, sexual and gender-based violence, rehabilitation and economic empowerment of offenders as a Probation Officer at the Ministry of Interior and Coordination of National Government in Kenya. Her background experience has exposed her to the vulnerability element of youth in situations of poverty, illiteracy, unemployment, drugs and substance abuse and the threat they pose to peace and security; where she strives to provide sustainable avenues for socio-economic empowerment.

Emma holds an M.A in Gender and Development from Kenyatta University and a B.A in Sociology & Anthropology from Catholic University of Eastern Africa. She envisions Africa as a continent with positive peace and economic prosperity.

Mohamed Edabbar – AYAP North Africa 

Mohamed is a passionate creative social activist, and works widely to promote sustainable development and youth development. He is a Regional Focal Point for Middle East and North Africa (MENA) at the United Nations Major Group for Children and Youth (UNMGCY). Mohamed has worked on domestication of UNSCR 2250 at the national and regional levels. He is an Alumnus of North-South Centre (NSC) of the Council of Europe (CoE) on Strengthening of youth capacities on Peace and Security, as well as the 20th University on Youth and Development at area (Youth and Justice), Mollina/Spain. He has worked on many projects, launched initiatives and collaborated to organize/facilitate several conferences, forums at different levels that include a wide spectrum of national, regional, continental and international stakeholders. Mohamed has been selected as one of 75 youth champions at the first ever Committee of Disarmament, Peace and Security coinciding with the UN74 General Assembly which co-organized by Peace Boat and the United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs (UNODA) under the initiative “Youth4disarmament”.

Karabo Mokgonyana – AYAP South Africa

Karabo Mokgonyana is a young South African woman who has committed her career to advancing social justice and socio-economic freedom through groundwork, research, advisory and high-level project coordination. She was raised in a rural village in South Africa that exposed her to the realities of insecurity, poverty, inequality and social ills - which ultimately led to her interest in Peace and Security.

She is a graduate of Bachelor of Commerce in Law and Marketing from the University of Witwatersr and final year Bachelor of Laws student with the same institution. Karabo has had the opportunity to work with organizations such as UNESCO, the British Council, Mandela Institute of Development Studies and Transparency International in social development work. She contributed to the development of the UN Security Council’s Independent Progress Study report on Youth, Peace and Security. Karabo is currently serving as a Youth Advisory Panelist

for UNFPA and is one of 25 Cosmopolitan Magazine’s Next Generation Voices in Africa. Her peacebuilding journey began with her service as a community worker, educator, mobiliser and mentor through Civil Society engagements- in which she delivered on activities relating to poverty, education, sexual and gender based violence (SGBV) and corruption. She continues to steer youth empowerment through her work with Shaping New Minds, gender equity with Sesi Fellowship and Skill Hub and independent research on social justice issues.

Moctar KANE -AYAP West Africa

Moctar KANE is a young Malian citizen with an extensive living and working experience in West Africa and the Sahel region. Passionate about conflict prevention, stabilization, development, good governance, and youth engagement issues, he spent the past 8 years in programme and project management, coordination, advisory, and research; focusing on helping governments and other public and private institutions translate their vision into meaningful solutions.

He currently serves as Mali Adviser for the Global Community Engagement and Resilience Fund, after spending three years within the United Kingdom’s Conflict, Security, and Stability Fund (CSSF), where he man- aged the stabilization portfolio for the Sahel region. Moctar is multilingual with fluency in spoken and written French, English, and Russian. He holds an M.Phil in Development Studies from the University of Oxford.

IV.  Major Activities of Y4P


1.      Launch of the youth silencing the guns campaign

On 24 July 2020 the Commissioner for Peace and Security, H.E. Amb. Smail Chergui, officially launch the Youth Silencing the Guns Campaign with the major objective of mobilizing and advancing the efforts of youth for the implementation of the STG agenda.

 https://www.peaceau.org/uploads/cps-keynote-at-youth-stg-launch.pdf

 2.      Commemoration of the International Day of Peace

On 21 September 2020 the e Peace and Security Department of the African Union Commission in collaboration with the United Nations Office to the African Union (UNOAU) will commemorate the International Day of Peace (Peace Day) 2020 on the theme “Youth as Agents for Silencing the Guns and Shaping Peace in Africa”.

https://www.peaceau.org/uploads/final-draft-concept-note-peace-day.pdf

 V.  Documents


1Continental Framework for Youth, Peace and Security and the 10-Year Implementation Plan

In collaboration with the Department of Political Affairs (DPA), AGA Secretariat and youth Division the framework was finalized, validated (by the PSC Experts, RECs/RMs and the youth in the continent) and adopted by the PSC. 

Framework: https://www.peaceau.org/uploads/continental-framework-on-youth-peace-and-security-english.pdf

French: https://au.int/sites/default/files/documents/39150-doc cadre_continental_pour_les_jeunes_la_paix_et_la_securite_docx.pdf

Implementation Plan: https://www.peaceau.org/uploads/implementation-plan-english.pdf

French: https://au.int/sites/default/files/documents/39148-doc-fr_implementation_plan_for_continental_yps_framework.pdf

2.   A study on the Roles and Contributions of Youth to Peace and Security in Africa

Y4P Africa Program in collaboration with the Youth Division held a methodological workshop with researchers and youth organizations to identify and develop concrete steps and guidelines for the conduct of the study held from 12 to 14 December 2018 in Addis Ababa. It was decided to hire 5 consultants one for each region and hold 5 regional consultations as well as field visits in 10 Member States, two (2) from each region to finalize the continental study of the roles and contributions of youth to Peace and Security in Africa. To get youth to participate in the regional consultations we set out a call for application and received over 1000 applicants, after discussing internally we selected 2 from each 55 countries to participate.

The Y4P Africa Program of the Peace and Security Department conducted five regional consultations with the support of different partners in West Africa in Abuja, Nigeria from 8th to 9th May 2019, Southern Africa held from 21st to 22nd May 2019 in Gaborone, Botswana, East Africa held in Asmara, Eritrea from 10th to 11th June 2019, Central Africa held from 14th to 15th June 2019 in Libreville, Gabon and North Africa held from 3 to 4 August in Tunis, Tunisia. Following the consultations, the report was consolidated and presented to the experts of the PSC at the pre-validation workshop. After the pre-validation, the report has been consolidated the inputs from the experts of the PSC was presented to the RECs/RMs and youth organizations to validate the study. Finally the Study was endorsed by the PSC on 23 June 2020.

English: https://www.peaceau.org/uploads/a-study-on-the-roles-and-contributions-of-youth-to-peace-and-security-in-africa-17-sept-2020.pdf

French: https://au.int/sites/default/files/documents/39509-doc-final-yps-study-report-french-20-10-2020.pdf

3.      Contacts

 Email: Youth4PeaceAfrica@africa-union.org;

            SituationRoom@africa-union.org;

 

Focal Person:  Ms. Mfrekeobong Ukpanah: UkpanahM@africa-union.org;

                        Dr. Rhuks Ako: AkoR@africa-union.org;

                        Ms. Orit Ibrahim: OritI@africa-union.org;

                        Ms. Hanna Mamo: HannaMG@africa-union.org;