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I. INTRODUCTION

1.This report is submitted in pursuance of communiqué PSC/AHG/COMM.2(CDLXXXIV) on the regional and international efforts to combat the Boko Haram terrorist group adopted by the 484th meeting of Council, held on 29 January 2015, at the level of Heads of State and Government. In that communiqué, Council requested me to provide monthly updates on the implementation of the decisions contained therein

2. The postponement Provides an overview of the Evolution of the position since the last meeting of Council on this issue, as well as an update on follow-up steps taken by the Commission Reviews towards the implementation of PSC / AHG / COMM.2 ( CDLXXXIV). It concluded, as with observations and recommendations on the way forward.

II. EVOLUTION OF THE SITUATION ON THE GROUND

3. During The period under review, the Boko Haram terrorist group to carry out attacks Continued targeting Both Civilians and the defense and security force in Nigeria and Cameroon. The group aussi the carried out attacks in Chad and Niger, in a new year pattern indicating indication expansion of ict activities.

4. On 1 February 2015, Boko Haram attacked This is the town of Maiduguri, the capital of Borno State. ALTHOUGH, the attack Was Repulsed, Many People Displaced it. Même day has Suspected Boko Haram suicide bomber killed eight people at the residence of a politician in Potiskum, Reviews another suicide bomber killed while five people outside a mosque in Gombe, the capital city of the Gombe State. On 2 February, a female suicide bomber attacked This year election rally Organized by the ruling People's Democratic Party (PDP) in the city of Gombe, killing at least one and injuring eighteen others Civilian. In Reviews another incident, the group attacked This is the town of Mbuta, 15 miles Northeast of Maiduguri, killing eight people and injuring Dozens. Another dozen people killed in a suicide Were blast at Biu, 100 miles southwest of Maiduguri.

5. On 14 February 2015, Boko Haram attacked This is the town of Gombe. Was the attack repelled by the Nigerian army. The Following day, a suicide bomber killed sixteen people and thirty Wounded Civilians in the city of Damaturu, Yobe State in. Boko Haram attacks are deadly Continued ict 20 February 2015 When It killed twenty one people in the town of Chibok and thirteen others in surrounding villages in Borno State. On 22 February 2015, a suicide attack in eu lieu le Potiskum, killing five people and wounding Dozens in a market. On 24 February 2015, eu lieu le Reviews another attack at a bus station in the Sami town, killing twenty seven people.

6. Boko Haram aussi the carried out attacks in Neighboring Countries. On 4 February 2015, the group raided the town of Fotokol, in northern Cameroon. On 6 February 2015, Boko Haram attacked This Bosso and the towns of Diffa in Niger. This attack, qui Was the first kind of ict in Niger, Was repelled with the backing of the Chadian army. On 8 February 2015, Boko Haram attacked This is the town of Kerawa, in Cameroon, and on 9 February 2015, it bombed the town of Diffa, killing five people, while carrying out attacks aussi in Cameroon, Where It kidnapped a bus full of passengers, twelve of Whom Were Executed subsequently. On 11 February 2015, two female suicide bombers attacked This is the town of Diffa, goal There Were No casualties reported about. At least one hundred and sixty-have links to people with Suspected Boko Haram Were arrested This in Niger. On 14 February 2015, thirty year Estimated Boko Haram fighters crossed Lake Chad in oven motorboats and attacked This is the town of Ngouboua, in Chad. This Was the first attack by the group in Chad.

7. Meanwhile, Nigeria and the Other Countries of the Region stepped up efforts Their Against Boko Haram. On 4 February 2015, the Chadian army Regained control of the border town of Gamboru Ngala in Borno State. On 10 February 2015, Niger's Parliament unanimously approved sending troops to Be part of the regional offensive Against Boko Haram. On 12 February 2015, the Allied Forces led by Nigeria and supported by Cameroon, Chad, and Niger, the carried out an operation in the Sambisa Forest in Borno State, a stronghold of Boko Haram, Where They dislodged; many of the groups' fighters. On 16 February 2015, Nigeria Regained control of the town of Monguno from Boko Haram and we 21 February 2015, the town of Liberated it Baga, qui HAD-been captured by Boko Haram on 3 January 2015. On 24 February 2015, the Chadian army attacked This Boko Haram fighters near the town of Garambu, close to the border entre Nigeria and Cameroon.

III. DEVELOPMENT OF THE CONCEPT OF OPERATIONS MNJTF AND OTHER RELATED DOCUMENTS

8. At icts Above Mentioned meeting, Council autorisée the deployment of the Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF) for an initial period of twelve months and renewable for a strength That Could go up to 7,500 military --other and staff to carry out The Following mandate:

(I) create a safe and secure environment in the Areas Affected by the activities of Boko Haram terrorist groups --other and, in order to Significantly Reduce Violence Against Civilians and are abusing --other, Including sexual- and gender-based violence, in full compliance with international Law, International Humanitarian Law and Including the United Nations Human Rights Due Diligence Policy (UNHRDDP)

(Ii) Facilitate the implementation of overall stabilization programs by the Member States of the Lake Chad Basin Commission (LCBC) and Benin in the Affected Areas, Including the full restoration of State authority and the return of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and Refugees; and

(Iii) Facilitate, dans le limit of ict capabilities, humanitarian operations and the delivery of aid to the Affected populations.

9. Council further Top Decided That, dans le framework of the mandate Outlined Above, the quotas `shall carry out MNJTF a number of tasks. These include Conducting military operations to prevent prevention of the growth and activities of Boko Haram terrorist groups --other, and Eliminate Their presence; Facilitating operational coordination Amongst the Affected Countries in the Fight against Boko Haram and terrorist groups --other; Encouraging and Facilitating the conduite of seal / simultaneous / Coordinated patrols and --other kinds of operations along the borders of the Affected Countries; Ensuring, Within icts capabilities, the Protection of Civilians under immediate threat, IDP and refugee camps, humanitarian workers and --other Civilian personnel; Actively searching for, and Freeing, all abductees; the Supporting, as May Be Appropriate, the initial phase of implementation of strategies for Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration of disengaged fighters Into Their Communities; Contributing to the improvement and institutionalization of civil-military coordination; the Supporting regional efforts to arrest and the bring justice to All Those responsible for war crimes and Crimes Against Humanity; and Ensuring the protection of the MNJTF staff, facilities and equipment.

10. In icts release Referred to Above, Council aussi Welcomed the steps taken by the Commission in response to the request made by the Member States of the Lake Chad Basin Commission (LCBC) and Benin at the ministerial meeting of Niamey 20 January 2015 Convene a meeting of to experts, with the participation of all stakeholders within, to finalize the concept of operation (CONOPS) for the MNJTF --other and related documents. The meeting of experts eu lieu le in Yaoundé, Cameroon, from 5 to 7 February 2015. It brought` together experts from the Member States and LCBC Benin, the AU, the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the UN, the European Union (EU), as well as experts from France, the United Kingdom and the United States of America.

11. The experts Developed and adopté MNJTF the CONOPS, qui articulates as follows The Strategic end state of the Planned operation: elimination of the presence and impact of Boko Haram; reestablishment of the security Necessary conditions for the Concerned Countries to fully exercise Their authority over the assurer Affected Areas and the protection of the Affected population, property and livelihood; and enhancement of operational coordination to enable the LCBC Member States to Implement overall stabilization programs. The CONOPS Specific objectives of the olefins Each of the components of the MNJTF derived, namely the Military, Civilian Police and components. The achievement of objective thesis is based on a number of Assumptions, Including the endorsement of the operation by the UN Security Council, the provision by Member States and partners of The Necessary support the fulfillment by the LCBC Member States and of Their Benin Pledged Capacities for the MNJTF, the existence of a political consensus at all levels on the deployment of the MNJTF, and the holder of the local populations.

12. The CONOPS identified Specific tasks To Be Undertaken by the MNJTF, dans le framework Of Those mandated by Council. These cover a number of Areas, Including intelligence, human rights, information and media. The CONOPS aussi deals with cross-cutting issues, Including implementation of the UNHRDDP, humanitarian liaison, Protection of Civilians, gender, women, peace and security, and conduite and discipline.

13. The Area of ??Operation (AOO) for the MNJTF encompasses various regions in the Affected Countries, Within qui MNJTF the quotas `shall operate freely. In the event That Boko Haram begin operations outside of this AOO, the Force Commander `shall seek further Top authorization from the LCBC Member States to expand the initial AOO. An Area of ??Interest (AoI), larger than the AOO, Has beens aussi defined. In executing the CONOPS, the MNJTF Will operate in coordination with the security and defense strengths of the LCBC Member States and Benin. The execution process Involves several phases, most is notably deployment, conduct of offensive operations, stabilization and drawdown.

14. The Mission Support Concept is premised on the provision of integrated services to the MNJTF, Including administration and finance, communication and information system, equipment, logistics, medical, infrastructure, strategic lift and other support, as required for the achievement of ict mandate . The LCBC Member States and Benin Will extend The Necessary Support to the MNJTF, through a Mission Support Team (MST) Established at the Headquarters of the Force. Furthermore, the Commission and the LCBC Will suit les A Strategic cell responsible for the coordination and management of additional carrier to the MNJTF.

15. A number of structures are envisaged with respect to command, control and coordination. These include a Support Group, acting as a consultative body, and a Joint Coordination Mechanism mandated HARMONIZE to the efforts of the AU, the LCBC Member States and Benin, as well as Those of partners, and Chaired by the political representative for the operation, Who Shall Be Appointed in consultation with the AU. The AU Commission Will assist the LCBC Reviews towards the operationalization of the Strategic headquarters for the MNJTF. It Was Agreed que la operational Headquarters of the MNJTF BE Established in N'Djamena, Chad, and que la Said Headquarters BE staffed by staff from the LCBC Member States and Benin. The HQs Will understood liaison officers from within bilateral and international partners, as May Be required. The MNJTF Will operate under a central command and control structure of the LCBC Member States and Benin under the authority of a Force Commander. The appointment of the Force Commander Shall Be Done has rotational Basis, Contributing Amongst the states.

16. During The Yaoundé meeting, the LCBC Member States and Benin Pledged up to 8,700 military police and personnel. The composition of the Force Needs to be Organized in Such a Manner que la MNJTF included the Appropriate capabilities Both in terms of fighting support (Such As artillery and close air support) and Combat Service Support (Mainly --other Elements and logistical support personnel). Furthermore, considering the high intensity of the commitment expected of the units on the ground, the MNJTF Will only blind in ict sustain operations and create a favorable power balance Against Boko Haram terrorist groups --other and, if it Can Be supported by the required strength enablers and multipliers, qui are not included in the current Pledges. There is therefore need to Log autorisée Consider Increasing the strength as the conditions on the ground is Evolving Rapidly, Taking advantage of the strong commitment shown by the LCBC Member States and Benin to Provide troops.

17. As Agreed DURING THE Yaoundé meeting, a follow-up schedule Was Held in Ndjamena meeting from 23 to 27 February 2015, to Develop the operational level CONOPS, with the view to articulating the overall political and Strategic objective, set in Yaoundé, in more concrete measures and benchmarks Reviews towards the attainment of the overall End State. The CONOPS addresses operational issues Relating to the exact composition of the MNJTF Headquarters and components, generation force, the operational Sectors That Constitute the AOO, the sequencing of the operations on the ground, as well as to the Mechanisms for coordination, cooperation and liaison with under national and international actors operating in MNJTF AOO.

IV. RELEVANT INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENTS

18. During The period under review, There-have-been a number of International Developments Relating to the issue at hand. The Threat Posed by Boko Haram Was Discussed Extensively Ordinary Session DURING THE 24th of the Assembly of the Union or held-in Addis Ababa, on 30 and 31 January 2015. The Assembly adopté a Declaration of Support to the LCBC Countries and Benin in the Fight Against Boko Haram [Assembly / AU / Decl.3. (XXIVI)]. En ce Declaration, the Assembly appealed to all Member States and international stakeholders --other, Including the UN, to supporting the efforts of the area to suit les year Appropriate legal framework to Govern cross-border military operations Against Boko Haram.

19. The UN Security Council has made aussi number of pronouncements on the status DURING THE period under review. On 2 February 2015, the Security Council Issued a press statement in qui ict members Condemned The Strongest in the terms Continued escalation of attacks perpetrated by Boko Haram terrorists, Including on 1 February 2015 in Maiduguri, as well as the Increasing attacks in the Lake Chad Basin Region, Including Against the Chadian army contingent Deployed to fight Boko Haram in Cameroon, one 29 and 30 January 2015 near the border town of Fotokol. Recalling Their presidential statement of 19 January 2015, the members of the Security Council reiterated Their deep concern que la activities of Boko Haram are Undermining the peace and stability of the West and Central African Region. They urged the Region to Enhance regional military operations and coordination to more Effectively and time immediately fight Boko Haram.

20. On 5 February 2015, the Security Council press statement Issued Reviews another in qui ict members Condemned The Strongest in the terms Continued escalation of attacks perpetrated by Boko Haram terrorists, Including on 3 February 2015 Alongside the border entre Cameroon and Nigeria Against the Chadian Deployed Army contingent to fight Boko Haram in Nigeria and Cameroon, and Against the Civilian Population and Cameroonian troops in Fotokol on 4 February 2015. The members of the Security Council Commended the Chadian army's swift support in the Fight against Boko Haram. They urged the Region to Enhance regional military operations and coordination to more Effectively and time immediately fight Boko Haram. In this regard, the members of the Security Council Welcomed the Convening of the Yaoundé meeting of experts to finalize the CONOPS for the MNJTF --other and related documents.

21. On 13 February 2015, the members of the Security Council press statement condemning Reviews another Issued in The Strongest terms Continued escalation of the attacks perpetrated by Boko Haram terrorists, Including on 13 February 2015 in Ngouboua Against Civilians, as well as the 8 February 2015 Kerawa in attack, and the 6 and 8 February 2015 attacks in Diffa. They reaffirmed That terrorism, in all forms and manifestations ict, Including the activities of Boko Haram, deriving their one of the MOST serious terrorism threats to international peace and security, and acts of terrorism That Any criminal and unjustifiable are, Regardless of Their motivation, Wherever, whenever will and by whosever Committed.

22. On 16 February 2015, an Extraordinary Session of the ECCAS Peace and Security Council (COPAX) Was Held in Yaoundé to adopt a Regional Strategy to fight the terrorist group Boko Haram. The représentée the WAS at this meeting by ict Special Representative in the Central African Republic (CAR) and Head of the AU Mission for the CAR and Central Africa (MISAC). The Summit adopté two documents: a Final Communiqué and has the Yaoundé Declaration Known As Declaration on the Fight Against the Boko Haram Terrorist Group.

23. The Summit Condemned, The Strongest in terms, the acts of terrorism of Boko Haram in Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad and Niger; the financing and Any Other form of carrier Provided to this group; as well as icts unjustifiable claims to create an "Islamic Caliphate" in the Lake Chad area, tending, thereby, to call the issue Into national borders in the area. The Summit Expressed icts Support for the initiatives taken by the LCBC and l'autre members of the international community in order to address the Threat Posed by the Boko Haram terrorist group, PARTICULARLY the establishment of the MNJTF, Cameroon and Chad and Commended for Their exemplary cooperation . The Summit Pledged to Support Cameroon and Chad dans le framework of the Mechanisms Provided for by the Protocol Relating to Mutual Assistance COPAX and the Pact entre les Member States of ECCAS. In this regard, the Summit Decided to Provide the Two Countries with an emergency aid Including financial resources amounting to 50 billion CFA francs, troops, life support and logistics.

24. The Summit Expressed the commitment of the ECCAS to Cooperate fully and at all levels with ECOWAS, and Agreed to entreprendre political and diplomatic action in the management of Nigeria, with a view to Enhancing cooperation entre this country and the two Member States ECCAS Affected by the activities of the Boko Haram terrorist group. To this end, the Summit mandated the Heads of State of Equatorial Guinea and the Republic of the Congo to consult with the Current Chairman of ECOWAS, with a view to exploring the possibility of a summit meeting Convening entre les two organisms, to adopt a common strategy to Fight against Boko Haram. The two Heads of State Were aussi requested to contact the President of Nigeria.

25. The Summit Thanked for the AT HAVING endorsed the deployment of the MNJTF, and requested it to expedite the authorization process of this deployment by the UN Security Council. An appeal Was Made to the international community to continue and Increase icts multifaceted media to the fight Against the terrorist group Boko Haram. More SPECIFICALLY, the Summit appealed to the United Nations to the terrorist threat for Assessment in the Cameroon - Central African Republic (CAR) - Chad border triangle, and take the Necessary Measures to assurer security in the area, so That It Does not serve as a safe haven gold resupply area for the Boko Haram terrorist group.

V. COMMENTS

26. I am Deeply Concerned by the Prevailing conditions on the ground. Since the last meeting of Council, attacks by the Boko Haram terrorist group Continued unabated-have, both, in Nigeria and in the Neighboring Countries, Causing further Top killings, destruction and Suffering. I Reiterate AU's strong condemnation of the atrocities Committed by the Boko Haram terrorist group. I express AU's condolences to the families of the victims of These attacks, and Its sympathy to All Those Injured. I renew the AU's full solidarity with the Affected Countries, Their Governments and people.

27. I am Pleased to Continued notes the determination of the Affected Countries and Their commitment to a regional approach Towards Coordinated and neutralizing the Boko Haram terrorist group. In this respect, the adoption of the MNJTF CONOPS and the meeting subsequently That eu lieu le in Ndjamena marked a major step in the right direction. I encourage the Countries of the Region To Remain resolute and to Pursue Their efforts Reviews towards the full operationalization of the MNJTF.

28. I welcome the Convening of the Extraordinary Summit COPAX in Yaoundé. The decisions Reached On That Will undoubtedly occasion Strengthen the regional Ongoing efforts to fight the terrorist group Boko Haram. The decision to Provide financial and logistical support to Chad and Cameroon, coming on the heel of Chad's decision to deploy troops in Cameroon at the request of That Country, is a further Top testimony of the commitment of the ECCAS leaders to the spirit of pan-African solidarity. I urge Member States l'autre AU to take similar steps in the support of the Countries of the Region, as called Expired Indeed for by Council at icts 484th meeting.

29. The decision of the Extraordinary Summit COPAX étroitement to Cooperate with ECOWAS, Including the holding of joined Summit to Develop a Joint Strategy to fight Boko Haram, is of Particular Timeliness. Indeed, coordination of efforts and Harmonization of initiatives are a prerequisite for a successful Action Against Boko Haram terrorist groups and --other. Equally Timely is the decision to consult with Nigeria qui shares borders with the two Member States ECCASS Affected by the Boko Haram terrorist activities. I welcome the visits That Presidents of the Republic of Congo and Equatorial Guinea entreprendre to Nigeria, Ghana and Chad, one 24 and 25 February 2015.

30. I stress the determination of the AU to fully play icts role in the support of the Countries of the Region. No efforts Will Be Spared in Ensuring the full operationalization of the MNJTF, in line with the provisions of the covered CONOPS as endorsed in Yaoundé. The AU aussi Will Actively assist in Ensuring close coordination Concerned Among all stakeholders, to maximize the impact of the efforts being white Deployed.
31. I recommend the CONOPS That Council endorsers developed by the Yaoundé meeting of experts. I recommend further Top That Council authorizes an Increase in the strength of the MNJTF. INITIALLY, HAD Council has mandated strength That Could go up to 7,500 military --other and staff. HOWEVER, at the Yaounde meeting, It Was Deemed Necessary to Mobilize additional forces. The Countries of the Region Pledged up to 8,700 military police and personnel. Furthermore, the significant MNJTF Will Need Support in terms of strength enablers and multipliers, qui are not provided in the current Pledges. There is therefore need to Log autorisée Consider Increasing the strength as the conditions on the ground is Evolving rapidly. Based on the Commission's assessment, it is Proposed pour augmenter autorisée the strength of the MNJTF up to 10,000 military and --other staff.

32. Once the CONOPS is endorsed, the Commission Will Formally forwarded the document to the UN Security Council. In line with the Council's press release of 29 January 2015, it is the AU's expectation que le Security Council Will Swiftly adopt a resolution That Would endorse the deployment of the MNJTF, Authorize the establishment, by the Secretary-General, of a trust fund for the MNJTF sustenance of the operations, and call for the provision of the international media to the Necessary MNJTF. The Security Council May aussi wish to Consider --other innovative Modalities through qui It Could Effectively supporting the MNJTF, bearing in mind the lessons Learnt from recent experiences on the ground, Including in Mali, with the African-led International Support Mission in Mali (IMSMA) , in Central African Republic, with the African-led International Support Mission in CAR (MISCA), and in Somalia, with the AU Mission in Somalia (AMISOM). Undoubtedly, it is the carrier Provided to AMISOM That Proved To Be The actual most. The Assistance Provided in the boxes of MISMA and MISCA, being white while helpful, About did not-have the degree of flexibilité, Predictability and sustainability required for the conduite of operations in unstable and battle-intensive environments. In this regard, I wish to Reiterate That Support by the United Nations to the AU in matters Relating to the Maintenance of international peace and security is an integral share of collective security as Provided for in the UN Charter.

33. I commend, once again, the AU partners Extending Support to the Countries of the Region and Contributing to the scheduling process for the full operationalization of the MNJTF. I urge Them to Enhance Their support, notably through the provision of the much-needed financial and logistical support, equipment and Timely sharing of intelligence.

34. As Council Rightly Pointed out, successfully Addressing the Threat Posed by the Boko Haram terrorist group requires, in addition to the much-needed military and security operations, Sustained efforts Reviews towards the improvement of livelihoods, education and job establishment, as well as the protection of human rights. I encourage the Countries of the Region to redouble Their efforts in this respect.

Posted by Tchioffo Kodjo

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